The recurrent pain and complications caused by the disorder can interfere with many aspects of the individual’s life, including education, employment and psychosocial development. Presently, the only cure for SCD is the bone marrow transplant. However, cost-effective treatment exists for the pain and other aspects of the disease. The most important components of this treatment are early intervention with analgesics, antibiotics, rest, good nutrition, folic acid supplementation and high fluid intake. At times, invasive procedures such as blood transfusions and surgery may be required.